Juvenile Offenses | Lawyers for the Accused

Juvenile Offenses2023-05-26T15:24:04+00:00


Juvenile Offenses | Lawyers & Attorneys

If your child or family member is nineteen (19) years old or younger, and is arrested or under investigation, few things are as terrifying. Whenever possible, the family should act quickly to contact a lawyer who handles these types of matters as the minor is likely too young to understand the consequences and how it may affect their education and employment opportunities in the future.

Hiring an experienced criminal defense lawyer is very important whether your case will be handled in Family Court or in criminal court.

Frequently Asked Questions About Juvenile Offenses

Our criminal defense lawyers provide answers to some important questions below.

My child or loved one is under 19 years old, can they be charged as an adult?2020-07-17T15:49:42+00:00

Yes. Children under age 19 have three separate and distinct categories they can be placed under, depending on the circumstances:  Adolescent Offender, Juvenile Offender, and Juvenile Delinquent.  They may sound the same but are handled very differently. Also, there is an additional circumstance that may apply called a “Youthful Offender”.

Can my child or loved one be considered a youthful offender?2020-09-29T19:05:19+00:00

A youthful offender adjudication is available for anyone between the ages of 14 and 19 who has committed certain criminal offenses.

A person is sentenced as a youthful offender in criminal court only after a resolution of the criminal case by plea or a conviction after trial. A person who receives a “youthful offender” sentence receives the benefit of a sealed record and no criminal conviction but may still have to complete a sentence which may include jail, prison, and/or probation or parole.

Who qualifies as an adolescent offender?2020-07-17T15:09:00+00:00

Adolescent Offenders are 16 or 17 years old who are charged with a felony.  These cases may be handled in criminal court or Family Court. An adolescent offender will start in criminal court and be transferred to Family Court for resolution or trial. In Family Court, the Adolescent Offender label is changed to Juvenile Delinquent, which is much more favorable to the child.

Who qualifies as a juvenile offender?2020-07-17T15:08:28+00:00

Juvenile Offenders are 13, 14, or 15 years old and charged with a serious or violent felony.  As with Adolescent Offenders, the case starts in criminal court but can be transferred to Family Court where they are treated like Juvenile Delinquents.

Who qualifies as a juvenile delinquent?2020-07-17T15:07:48+00:00

Juvenile Delinquents are over the age of 7, but less than 18, and do something that would otherwise be considered criminal if done by someone older.  If the case remains in family court, the penalties a Juvenile Offender faces are less than an Adult Offender.

Juvenile Delinquents can be any child between the ages of 8 and 17 (“over 7 and under 18”).

Children between the ages of 8 and 12 will receive this designation regardless of the allegations.  However, children older than age 12 may receive this designation or the designation of a Juvenile Offender. Children over 16 may receive this designation or the designation of Adolescent Offender.

Is it better for my child or loved one to be charged as an adolescent offender, juvenile offender, or juvenile delinquent?2020-07-17T15:06:09+00:00

Ultimately, being treated as a Juvenile Delinquent is BETTER than a Juvenile Offender, which is BETTER than an Adolescent Offender.  This is because the potential penalties grow progressively harsher as the child gets older. However, any of these designations are vastly better than being charged as an adult in a criminal court.  It is always better for a case to be handled in Family Court if possible.

What will happen if my child is charged with a crime or offense and is required to go to family court?2020-07-17T15:05:35+00:00

All children have rights in court, including the presumption of innocence and the right to go to a trial.  A prosecutor will handle the prosecution of the case against the child and a judge will hear the evidence against the child. The child has a right to a lawyer, a right to testify and a right to call witnesses. It is critical that a youth is given an opportunity to build a relationship with a lawyer who will do everything possible to ensure the child understands as best they can and protects the child like their own. A criminal or family court lawyer who handles these types of cases can conduct the trial or negotiate a settlement on behalf of the child.

What kind of punishment does my child or loved one face if they are charged with an offense?2020-07-17T15:04:45+00:00

Punishments in the juvenile realm are vast, but can include:

  • Orders of Protection
  • Payments of Restitution
  • Letters of Apology
  • Community Service
  • Probation or Community Supervision
  • Removal and Placement in a juvenile facility
  • Jail or Prison, but only if the juvenile is treated as an adult, in criminal court.
How is it determined if a teenager will receive youthful offender status?2021-12-01T16:20:19+00:00

When a person is convicted of a crime, a Judge is responsible for determining the sentence that person will receive.  This is appropriately called the “sentencing” phase of a criminal case.  What some people do not realize, however, is that sentences can vary wildly based upon the discretion of the particular judge assigned to oversee your case and how that Judge feels about the facts and circumstances of your case.  A criminal defense lawyer will argue for a youthful offender sentence at the time of the sentencing.

What will help my child receive a youthful offender sentence?2021-12-01T16:22:10+00:00

Your child will have a better chance at receiving a YO sentence if your criminal defense lawyer can argue that there is evidence of rehabilitation and demonstration of living a productive life including participation in educational and vocational programs, alcohol and substance abuse treatment and/or mental health treatment, and family and community involvement. If your child lacks a criminal record or played a minor role in the offense, that too will be important.

Do I need a lawyer if my teen is ticketed for possessing a fake ID or driver’s license?2024-06-11T15:10:08+00:00

Yes. Possessing and/or using a fake ID or driver’s license is considered a Class D felony. A criminal attorney will be needed.

What are the charges for possessing a fake ID or driver’s license?2024-06-11T15:09:57+00:00

Regardless of your age, possessing a fake ID or driver’s license is considered a serious crime. You can be charged with:

  • a Class D felony
  • Violating N.Y. Vehicle and Traffic Law Section 509-6 which prohibits any other person to use or possess a license that is not legally their own
  • Fraud
  • Identity theft
If I am convicted of possessing a fake ID or driver’s license, what will the consequences be?2024-06-11T15:09:48+00:00

A conviction can carry significant fines, court costs and other penalties, including probation, time in jail, community service, and/or having your legal license suspended.

A conviction can leave a permanent mark on your criminal record which could impact future employment opportunities, educational pursuits, and other aspects of your life.

Timeline of a Criminal Defense Case

LaMarche Safranko Law Testimonials


Vicki Testimonial Transcript
Well, I met George in 2014. My son was arrested for a criminal offense, and George—he has this ability, it’s just who he is. He’s genuinely empathetic and he’s very compassionate and he has the ability to just make you feel safe. You know? I just always felt I was in great hands and my son was in good hands and that we would have a good outcome of our situation and we always have. And he’s brilliant. He’s a brilliant lawyer. He’s very skilled and very creative. He has excellent rapport with all the judges and DAs and officials, and he’s always found a rehabilitative outcome for my son which I genuinely appreciate.

Laurie Testimonial Transcript
George was referred to me by my estate attorney. They go way back and it was a great referral, I don’t think I could have done any better, it was a very good match for me. Something that was really really instrumental in the whole thing was George keeping us up-to-date on what was going on and very much included. I was invited to be at all the depositions if I wanted to be and he gave me all the written depositions to read through, so I was always up-to-date on what was going on and I felt like a part of the process. I would definitely recommend George to other people. In fact, about 2 weeks ago I did. A friend of mine was in a pedestrian car accident, she was the pedestrian and is in pretty rough shape, and he was the first person I thought of so I actually asked him if it would be in his purview and he said yes. And I know that she’s very happy with him so far.

Jules Testimonial Transcript
What brought me to the firm was a personal incident where Andrew was recommended to me very highly by a family friend who’s also an attorney, and Andrew represented me to great satisfaction in that case. What impressed me the most about Andrew was his direct straightforward approach, and he has this incredible way of setting you at ease and yet telling you the good and the bad of a situation. I felt that he was very much a straight shooter and lived up to the reputation that preceded him. I would recommend them and Andrew Safranko to anybody in the world. They’re just that class of a group of people.

Chuck Testimonial Transcript
Well, I came to LaMarche Safranko Law because I knew Andy was here and he’s helped me in the past and I just feel so comfortable coming to him because you know you’re going to get the best outcome that you can get in a criminal law field. He’s done such a fabulous job for me and I’ve seen what he does for me, so I’m sure he’ll do the same—put out the same effort and energy and zeal it takes to win their case like he has mine. I would feel very comfortable recommending him.

“No one likes to be in a bad situation, but if you need a lawyer George is your man. Not only does he point you in the right direction he offers good advice for your future. As much as we bring him business he does not encourage that next time anticipation….

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A client from Albany, NY

“Dear George, Andy and Staff,

Thank you all for your kindness and all your help in getting back to my wellbeing and life.  I could not have done it without you all.  Everything is going so well again.  I recommend you highly. Thanks Again!”

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A client from Troy, NY

“I am an attorney who found himself in the middle of a serious, personal legal matter that compromised not only my personal life but my professional life as well. I immediately contacted Andrew (Andy) Safranko, Esq. Andy worked tirelessly and extremely hard to bring my legal situation to a very favorable resolution. In so doing, Andy not only saved certain aspects of my personal and professional life

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The dedication, respect, and consideration with which you treat your clients, current and past, is remarkable. It is why I reached out to you when searching in my time of need, and why I would highly recommend…

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A client from Albany, NY

“The arrest of my husband in 2008 was an extremely difficult and emotional time for our family. The arrest turned our lives upside down. It was sudden and unexpected and had tragic emotional as well as financial consequences. I had no idea what to do under the circumstances….

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A client from Upstate New York

“I wanted to take this opportunity to thank you for your excellent representation on my recent matter. I have worked with lawyers, and in law firms much of my professional life, but I have never encountered the rare mix of skill, integrity and humanity in one individual—you….

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A client from Rensselaer, NY

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Parents of a client from Cropseyville, NY

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I cannot thank you enough for your hard work, diligence, and selfless manner that you put towards my legal difficulties in Colonie. From the first moment I met you, you helped reassure me that things were going to turn out in a more favorable manner than I originally thought. Clearly, the final result of my court case displays the quality of time and work that you put into this….

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A client from Colonie, NY

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A client from Albany, NY

“The staff at LaMarche Safranko Law took care of  whatever I needed, it was just fabulous. It was top shelf, if I called, I got George. If he was in a meeting, they left him a message. He called me right back after the meeting. Everybody was very courteous and very nice there. If I left a voicemail, everybody got back to me quickly. The level of service  was very, very good and I would Highly recommend them.”

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A personal injury client from Cohoes, NY

“I cannot thank George E. LaMarche lll and his team for the excellent legal work they provided for my son, and in extension, our entire family. His experience, knowledge of the law, networking ability and communication is second to none. In our case, our son was wrongly accused by a small town police officer and charged with 5 tickets…

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A client from Altamont, NY

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A client from Schenectady, NY

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A client from Troy, NY

“My family and I cannot thank George and his staff enough for all of the support and guidance they have given us over the past six months. Anyone who has ever suffered a personal injury knows how difficult they are to overcome, but I’m glad we had such an intelligent and hardworking attorney on our side so I could focus on my recovery rather than on the details of the case….

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A personal injury client from Waterford, NY
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