Maybe. On the one hand, a criminal case will trigger an immediate investigation so that all evidence will be preserved by the police. If the defendant who assaulted you is convicted in criminal court, that conviction can be used as proof in the personal injury case. However, if the defendant pleads guilty in the criminal case to an intentional act, and it is clear that the defendant caused you injuries that were expected, intended and foreseeable, there will likely be no insurance coverage available and likely no ability for you to recover any money from the defendant unless the defendant has the means to pay for a judgment or settlement.